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Targeted civilian killings spiral in Afghan war: UN

дата: 2015-04-23
мнения: 138
Targeted civilian killings spiral in Afghan war: UN

   By staff and agencies
KABUL – Targeted killings of civilians in Afghanistan doubled last year, the United Nations said on Wednesday, hitting numbers never seen since U.S.-led forces attacked the country in October 2001.

    The UN, in its annual report on the civilian death toll in Afghanistan, said 2,777 civilians died in 2010, a 15 percent increase from 2009, Reuters reported.
Large numbers of women and children were among the dead, with their numbers being 555 and 1,175 respectively. 

    Insurgents were responsible for 75 percent of those deaths.
UN Assistant Secretary General for Human Rights, Ivan Simonovic, said the UN rights officials had been “in communication with the Taliban,” offering guidance to reduce civilian casualties.

     UN officials declined to elaborate on the contacts.
Abductions rose 83 percent, and violence continued to spread from the south to the north, east and west, the report said. Civilian deaths in the north, in particular, rose 76 percent.

   But the most “alarming” trend, it said, was a 105 percent increase in the targeted killing of government officials, aid workers and civilians perceived to be supportive of the Afghan government or NATO-led foreign forces.

   Of 462 assassinations in 2010, half occurred in Taliban strongholds in the south, where the United States says it has made most gains from a 30,000-strong troop surge aimed at turning the tide of the war.

   In many parts of Afghanistan, local governors live behind sandbags on U.S. military outposts and government officials rarely travel to the areas they are supposed to run.

 “People are afraid to go and vote, people are afraid of being elected, people are afraid of actually participating in civilian society,” UN envoy to Afghanistan Staffan de Mistura told a news conference.

   The report, issued jointly with the Afghanistan Independent Human Rights Commission, said the social and psychological impact of assassinations were “more devastating than a body count would suggest.”

   Violence spreading
Civilian assassinations were up 588 percent and 248 percent in Helmand and Kandahar provinces respectively, the main strongholds of the Taliban and the focus of a U.S. troop surge.

   The report noted a 26 percent decline in the number of civilian deaths caused by coalition and Afghan forces.

   Yet the killing of civilians in NATO operations has re-emerged as a major source of friction between Kabul and its Western backers.

    Last week, NATO helicopters gunned down nine Afghan boys collecting firewood, drawing condemnation from Afghan President Hamid Karzai and apologies from President Barack Obama and his top commander in Afghanistan, General David Petraeus.

    U.S. Defense Secretary Robert Gates repeated the apology on Monday during a visit to assess security progress before Washington starts gradually withdrawing troops in July.

    Casualties among women rose 6 percent in 2010, and among children by 21 percent, while “the spread and intensity of the conflict meant that more women and children had even less access to essential services such as healthcare and education.”

    Suicide attacks and homemade bombs claimed most lives.
   Of the 440 deaths attributed to NATO and Afghan forces, 171 were caused by aerial attacks, sharply down on 2009 as a result of tightened rules of engagement.

Photo: Head of the United Nations Assistance Mission Afghanistan (UNAMA) Staffan de Mistura holds a copy of the report in Kabul on March 9, 2011. (Getty Images)

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